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  Prophet Abraham(as)
 

PROPHET IBRAHIM  may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention(Abraham)  AND THE FIRST HOUSE OF ALLAH ON EARTH

 
Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention  was born to honorable parents descended from Prophet Noah. He was born in the city of Hara, Iraq during the reign of King Nimrod and is often referred to as “The Friend of Allah” and "The Father of the Prophets".
 
Before Abraham reached maturity his father passed away, and as was the custom in those days, he would, out of respect for his paternal uncle, refer to him as his father.
 
There had been a void in guidance since the death of Prophet Noah and the people of Hara reverted to idolatry. Hara was renowned for its ornate, pagan temples and its citizens took great pride in the idols housed within them. Offerings were sacrificed to the idols and ritual ceremonies, wishfully invoking their favors performed before them.
 
A lucrative commerce had grown around the activities of the temples. Carved replicas of the idols were a much sought after possession and it was to this profession that Azar, Abraham( may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention)’s uncle, whom he now called “father” directed his talents.
 
WHO IS MY LORD
Abraham( may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention) was unlike his contemporaries, he grew to be an upright, caring, young man repulsed by idol worship and sought the answer to a question that had consumed him for many years -- who was his Lord?
 
In the process of his guidance, Allah in His Mercy caused Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention to contemplate upon the kingdoms of the heavens and earth. One evening, as he gazed up into the night sky, he saw a planet shinning more brightly than the others and exclaimed, "This is surely my Lord!" but, as the morning light came the planet set he rejected his thought saying, "I do not like the setting ones!" On another occasion as he saw the moon rise he said once again, "This is my Lord!" But like the planet as the light of the morning broke it disappeared whereupon he said, "If my Lord does not guide me, I shall be amongst the astray nation!" Then, when he saw the sun rise upon the horizon he said, "This must be my Lord, it is larger!" But as it set he turned to his people saying, "O nation I am quit of what you associate (with Allah, the Creator) I have turned my face to Him who created the heavens and the earth, uprightly, and I am not among the idolaters!" Qur’an, Chapter 6 verses 76-79
 
IBRAHiM  may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention IS CHOSEN BY ALLAH AND BECOMES A PROPHET
Shortly after this Allah sent the Arch Angel Gabriel to inform Abraham that He had chosen him to be His Messenger. Abraham was deeply humbled by the news and Gabriel brought him, over a period of forty-two visits, ten Holy Scrolls. Prophet Muhammad  informed his companions later on that the contents of the Scrolls were examples.
 
Abraham's open rejection of idolatry caused a commotion, no one had ever challenged the deity of the idols of Hara; to his fellow citizens the notion was deemed blasphemous. However, Abraham was resolved, he had no doubt that Allah was the only One to be worshipped because he was convinced that it was He alone who had created everything.
 
THE LOGIC OF IBRAHAM may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention
Abraham tried reasoning with those around him in the best manner, but they refused to accept his logic even after he had drawn their attention to the obvious fact that their idols had either been hewn from stone or carved from wood by people such as themselves.
 
Abraham never stopped challenging his people and asked if their idols could do anything else other than just stand motionless, year after year, in the same place -- the place in which they themselves had been positioned many years before! He reminded his people that the idols neither ate nor drank from the offerings placed before them nor could they harm or benefit anyone. But still the people refused to abandon their idolatry.
 
Over the course of time the idolaters became outraged and told Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention that it was he who was wrong and that he must fear their gods. Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention shook his head and asked, "And how should I fear what you have associated when you yourselves are not afraid that you have associated with Allah that which He did not send down for it upon you an authority.” Qur’an, Chapter 6 verse 81
 
IBRAHAM may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention AND KING NIMROD
The news of Abraham's preaching reached King Nimrod who considered himself to be a deity. Abraham feared no one except Allah, so when he was presented to the king he challenged him saying, "My Lord is He who revives and causes to die." But the artful king scoffed at Abraham and told him, "I revive and cause to die."
 
The king knew exactly what Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention meant, but had tired to outwit him with his reply by referring to the power he had as king to either spare the life of a guilty criminal, or put to death an innocent person -- whichever suited his whim. Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention challenged him yet again saying, "Allah brings up the sun from the east, so you bring it from the west." This time the king knew he had been revealed and the color drained from his face, and Abraham waited to see if he would surrender to Allah but he did not and so Abraham returned home. Qur’an, Chapter 2 verse 258
 
IBRAHIM may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention AND THE MIRACLE OF THE FOUR BIRDS
One day, Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention asked Allah to show him how He revived the dead. Allah asked Abraham, "Haven't you believed?" Abraham told Him that it wasn't that, rather, it was just to satisfy his heart. So Allah told him to take four birds, sacrifice them, then cut them into pieces and mix their bits and pieces together then go to the neighboring hills and place some of the mixed pieces on each of them. Allah told Abraham that after he had done this to call the birds and their severed parts would reassemble and fly to him.
 
Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention did exactly as he was told, he sacrificed a peacock, an eagle, a crow and a rooster, then, after he had mixed their body parts together he placed them upon the neighboring hills, keeping only their heads with him. Once this had been done he called to them whereupon their mixed parts were brought back to life, reassembled, and flew to join themselves to their respective head that Abraham still held in his hand. Qur’an.
 
ABRAHAM may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention AND HIS “FATHER” PART COMPANY:
Now Azar was among those who refused to accept Allah as his Lord. Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention asked him why he was so devoted to the idols but Azar could offer no better reply than to say that many people before him had worshipped them, and what was good enough for them was good enough for him also. Azar became upset and embarrassed by his nephew’s preaching and threatened to stone him if he persisted.
 
Such was Abraham’s may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention conviction that he did not stop preaching and after a while, Azar realized that his threats were of no use so he told his nephew he did not wish to see him again for sometime. As they parted company, tender-hearted Abraham told Azar he would ask Allah to forgive him, and that perhaps his Lord would accept his prayer.
 
Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention continued to preach against the idols but the people continued to spurn what he had to say. After each refusal he would ask them the same question he had asked his uncle -- what made them so devoted to their idols -- but they replied in the same way, which was simply because their fathers and ancestors had worshipped them. Some even accused Abraham of jesting with them, but he swore that this was not so, and that without doubt their Lord and Creator is and always had been the Lord of all that is in the heavens and earth, and that they should abandon their useless idols.
 
ABRAHAM may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention OUTWITS THE IDOLS
No matter how hard Abraham tried they would not accept the truth, so he told them, "By Allah, I shall outwit your idols as soon as you have turned your backs and gone." No one took Abraham seriously so they left and went about their business.
 
Some time later, Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention, unseen with ax in hand, entered the temple in which the most revered idols were housed, and smashed all except the largest into pieces then left unseen.
 
It wasn't long before the idolaters returned to the temple and saw their gods lying broken into pieces on the floor. There was an outcry of horror and those who had heard Abraham's may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention challenge immediately suspected him, and so he was summoned before them. "Abraham," they asked, "was it you who did this to our gods?" Abraham replied, "It was their great one that did it. Ask them if they can speak." The idolaters huddled together in a corner knowing well in their hearts the truth of the matter and that Abraham had at last succeeded in exposing the worthlessness of their idols. Begrudgingly, they admitted, "You know they do not speak." Thereupon Abraham challenged them saying, "Would you then worship that which can neither benefit nor harm you, instead of Allah? Shame on you and that you worship other than Allah! Have you no understanding?" Qur’an, Chapter 21:68
 
THE BONFIRE
It was more than the idolaters could bear, their idols lay broken in pieces unable to do anything for themselves. Outraged by the whole situation they cried out, "Burn him and help your gods!"
 
The idolaters hastened to build a huge bonfire with the intent of burning Abraham to death, however, Abraham remained calm having complete trust in His Lord and did not flinch. There was nothing that would tear him away from his belief in the Oneness of Allah.
 
Abraham was led to the bonfire and placed in its center, and the kindling wood lit. It wasn't long until the flames leapt high into the air -- but not even a single hair of Abraham's head was scorched.
That was because Allah had caused a miracle to occur. He commanded the flames to be cool and safe for Abraham and eventually, when the fire had consumed itself, Abraham walked away unharmed praising and thanking Allah for His mercy.
 
Even though the idolaters had witness this great miracle they continued in their arrogance and refused to abandon their idols. In their hearts they knew that nothing they did would ever harm Abraham because he was protected by Allah, so in desperation they banished him and his wife, Lady Sarah, from their homeland.
 
ABRAHAM may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention AND SARAH IN EGYPT
After a long, tiring journey, Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention and Lady Sarah may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her reached Egypt and it was there they decided to make their home.
 
During their time in Egypt, Haggar, one of the noble ladies-in-waiting in the court of Pharaoh, came to live in Abraham's household as a companion to Sarah may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her. Haggar may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was a sweet natured lady, she loved Lady Sarah may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her dearly and a very special friendship bonded them together.
 
Idolatry was also commonplace in Egypt especially in the court of Pharaoh but when Haggar may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her heard Abraham speak about Allah she was quick to recognize the truth and accepted it.
 
In those days it was common place for a man to have more than one wife and Prophet Abraham and Lady Sarah, who were now elderly remained childless. Lady Sarah may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her had given up hope of ever bearing a child so she suggested to Abraham that he might like to take Haggar to be her co-wife. Both Abraham and Haggar accepted her suggestion and shortly after Haggar may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her became his lawful second wife.
 
The family's wish was fulfilled when Lady Haggar may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her conceived and gave birth to a fine son whom they named Ishmael. Lady Sarah may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was delighted and happy that Abraham had at long last been blessed with a son -- little did she know at that time that she too would be blessed in later years for her patience with a son of her own, Isaac.
 
DECEIT
Throughout the centuries nationalistic Jews and Orientalists have sort to distort the truth about Prophet Abraham’s legal marriage to Lady Haggar may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her and the very close relationship between Ladies Sarah and Haggar. Their object has been and still is to undermine the great event which had been promised and recorded in the original, unadulterated Holy Scriptures that announced the coming of Islam with its protected revelation, the Holy Qur’an and the seal of all the prophets, Prophet Muhammad .
 
PROPHETS OF ALLAH
Both the sons of Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention were legitimate and destined to become prophets of Allah. Ishmael  may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention was sent as a prophet to the Arabs and Isaac  may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention as a prophet to the Hebrews, later on to be called the children of Israel and then Jews, peace be upon all the prophets.
 
It is from the descendants of Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention and Isaac may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention that two great nations evolved each having Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention as their common ancestor. However, neither Jew nor Christian can claim he was a follower of their religion as both prophets Moses may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention and Jesus may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention were sent many centuries after the death of Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention.
 
IBRAHIM may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention AND HAGGAR(ra) IN BECCA, ARABIA
Before Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention completed his weaning, Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention saw a vision in which he was instructed to take Lady Haggar and their son to a place called Becca, in the peninsular of Arabia, known today as Mecca, and leave them there.
 
Mecca lies in a valley surrounded by mountains and hills with three passes. One to the north, another to the south and the other to the west. The valley had long been one of the most traveled caravan routes in Arabia, however, it remained uninhabited largely because it lacked water.
 
Upon reaching Becca, Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention settled Lady Haggar(ra) and Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention under the shade of a large tree and gave his wife a large bag of dates and a water-skin full of water, then, turned away and started to leave them. Lady Haggar followed after him and asked, "Abraham, where are you going, are you leaving us in an uninhabited provisionless wilderness?" She asked the same question several times, but Abraham did not reply. Then, searching for a reason and knowing her husband would never do anything to earn the displeasure of Allah she inquired, "Has Allah commanded you to do this?" whereupon he replied, "Yes". So she comforted them both saying, "Then He will not let us perish," and returned to her infant.
 
IBRAHIM may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention SUPPLICATES FOR LADY HAGGAR(ra), ISHMAEL may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention & FUTURE GENERATIONS OF MUSLIMS
At a place called Thania, Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention stopped and turned his face in the direction of the ruins of Ka'ba -- the first House of Allah to be built on earth -- which lay buried in the sand. He raised his hands and supplicated,
"Our Lord,
I have settled some of my offspring
in a barren valley
near Your Holy House;
our Lord,
in order that they establish the prayer.
Make the hearts of people
yearn towards them,
and provide them with fruits,
in order that they are thankful."
Qur’an, Chapter 14 verse 37.
 
Allah had promised Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention that from his offspring would arise great nations, that is why Abraham referred to having settled "some of his offspring" near Ka'ba. This promised was fulfilled as it was from the descendants of Prophet Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention that Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) , peace be upon all the prophets, was born.
 
Lady Haggar(ra) suckled her infant son and gave him water from the skin until none remained. It wasn't long until both were very thirsty but she was more concerned for Ishmael. Lady Haggar could not bear to have her son go without water so she searched frantically for some but could find none. In desperation she climbed a nearby hill, the hill of Safwa, and stood at its top and looked around in all directions to see if there was anyone in sight to help her -- but there was no one. She ran back down the hill and in her anxiety ran across the valley and climbed to the top of the neighboring hill of Marwah, but again to no avail. She ran between the two hills seven times, but could find neither caravaners nor water.
 
ALLAH HEARS THE CRY OF LADY HAGGAR(ra)
Upon the seventh time she reached the hill of Marwah Haggar heard a voice. She calmed herself and listened attentively, and called out, "I have heard Your voice, would that my supplication might reach You." And there, standing near the place we know today as Zamzam stood Angel Gabriel may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention. Gabriel may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention struck the ground with either his heel or wings, and water gushed forth. Hastily, she dug a hole in the ground into which the water flowed and filled her water-skin to the top as the water gushed forth with still greater force. Quickly, she drank a handful of water and raced back to her son to give him some. Then, Gabriel spoke saying, "Do not be afraid of perishing here, because it is here that your son and his father will build a House for Allah. Allah will not let those around it perish."
 
THE RUINS OF KA'BA
In those days, the ruins of Ka'ba were elevated on a piece of land covered by sand in the shape of a mound, and when rain eventually fell it would run on either side.
 
THE CARAVANERS
Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention and his mother continued to live in Mecca by themselves until one day caravaners from the tribe of Jurhum returning from Kada'a, struck camp a little distance from the place where Lady Haggar had made her home. As the caravaners were unloading their camels they observed birds circling in the sky not far away. Their experience had taught them that birds circling in this manner might well indicate water. Ever hopeful of finding a fresh supply of water in that desolate region, they thought it was worth investigating, although from their past experience they had never found water anywhere in that area.
 
Several tribesmen were sent to investigate. When they reached the place over which the birds circled, to their great surprise and joy they found the spring of Zamzam and returned quickly to tell their fellow travelers. Upon hearing the good news the caravaners stopped what they were doing and rushed to both see and drink the fresh water.
 
LADY HAGGAR(ra) MEETS THE JURHUM CARAVANERS
When they reached Zamzam, the caravaners found Lady Haggar(ra) standing nearby and asked her permission to strike camp near her. Lady Haggar(ra) agreed on condition that she retained the water rights and that her son would be the prince. The Jurhumites agreed and settled themselves in Becca whilst sending word to their families to come and join them there.
 
ANGELS DO NOT EAT
Meanwhile, one day, when Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention was at home with Lady Sarah(ra) they were visited by strangers.
 
It was not uncommon to find strangers visiting their home as each day Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention would light a large bonfire on the top of a nearby mountain to attract and welcome travelers.
 
Abraham’s may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention generous hospitality was well known, no one was ever turned away and as such he hardly ever ate alone. His guests were always well fed and during the course of a much welcomed meal Abraham would take the opportunity to tell to his guests about Allah.
 
One day, strangers arrived at his home, and as was his custom he arranged for a fine meal of a roasted calf to be prepared for his guests. The meal was set before them but his guests declined to either eat or drink. Abraham was deeply trouble by this strange situation -- travelers were always hungry, or at least thirsty. Abraham's guests perceived his anxiety and told him not to be afraid because although they had taken the form of humans they were not humans as he supposed, rather, they were angels on their way to the city of his cousin Prophet Lot.
 
Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention felt at ease once more as he knew that angels, who are neither male nor female, and created from light, only worship Allah and do whatsoever they are ordered to do by Him.
 
The angels proceeded to inform Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention that the city of Prophet Lot may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention, had become disobedient to Allah and were sexual perverts. The angels continued to tell him that it was because of this that Allah had ordered them to punish its people by utterly destroying both them and their city.
 
LADY SARAH(ra) BECOMES PREGNANT
As Lady Sarah(ra) entered the room, the angels told her that she would give birth to a son. She was overwhelmed by the news and clasped her hands on her cheeks in delight. She had been so happy when Lady Haggar gave birth to Ishmael several years before and now she too was to be blessed with a son of her own.
 
THE SEEDS OF ISHMAEL’S may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention FORTHCOMING PROPHETHOOD
In His Wisdom, Allah had protected Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention in the harsh environment of the Holy Land in which he had matured. He had learned to speak Arabic in its purest, most eloquent form from the Jurhumites together with the art of horsemanship and had also become a highly skilled archer. The Jurhumites loved him, for his character was not only truthful and honorable but he was trustworthy and cared for their welfare; later on he was to marry from their tribe.
 
ISHMAEL may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention, THE FIRST SACRIFICE
Despite his advanced years, Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention would often journey to Mecca to visit Lady Hagar and his dearly beloved, eldest son, Ishmael who was now a young man.
 
On one such visit Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention saw a vision in which he was told to sacrifice his son for Allah. Soon after the vision shaytan came to Abraham and whispered, “How could you kill your beloved son?” Abraham instantly rejected and cursed shaytan, and in obedience to Allah went to Ishmael and said: "My son, I saw while sleeping that I shall sacrifice you, tell me what you think." It was time for shaytan’s second attempt to prevent the fulfillment of the vision and he whispered to Ishmael in a similar manner. Ishmael immediately rejected and cursed shaytan. Like his father, Ishmael’s love of Allah and obedience to Him was unquestionable and he replied: "Father, do as you are ordered (by Allah), Allah willing, you shall find me one of those who are steadfast." Qur’an, Chapter 37:102.
 
Shaytan had failed twice, in his final attempt to prevent the fulfillment of the vision he went to Lady Hagar and whispered, “How could you let Abraham kill your only son?” But like her husband and son, she too loved Allah and was obedient to Him, and without hesitation she cursed and rejected shaytan.
 
THE THOUGHTFULNESS OF ISHMAEL may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention
Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention took Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention to a quiet place far from the people. As Abraham prepared himself to sacrifice his beloved son for Allah, Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention, being a loving, caring young man and without thought for himself, asked his father for three things. He requested that he should be permitted to face the ground so that his father would not see his eyes and then be overcome with mercy towards him, and disobey to command of Allah. Ishmael also feared for the safety of his father so he requested him to sit upon his shoulders so that if he struggled when the knife struck him he would not injure him. He knew his mother would be sad so his final request was to ask his father to give her his shirt to console her.
 
It was time, Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention tried to slit the back of his son's neck three times, but on each occasion the blade was prevented from penetration. After the third attempt, Allah called out to Abraham saying, "O Abraham, you have confirmed your vision.’ As such We recompense the good-doers. That was indeed a clear trial. So, we ransomed him with a mighty sacrifice.” Qur’an, Chapter 37 verse 104-107
 
Later on, Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )  said referring to Prophet Ishmael and his own father Abdullah(ra) whose life was ransomed by the slaying of a hundred camels: "I am the son of the two sacrifices."
 
When Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )  revived the pilgrimage many centuries later, three stone pillars were erected outside Mecca en route to Arafat as a reminder of the three whisperings of shaytan to Prophets Abraham, Ishmael and Lady Hagar. These three pillars are cursed and stoned by all those who make the pilgrimage.   
 
THE UNGRATEFUL SPOUSE
Lady Hagar(ra) had passed away before Prophet Abraham's may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention next visit to Becca. When he reached the valley he made his way to Ishmael's may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention home but when he found he was not at home he started to look for an object he left behind on a previous visit. Soon after Ishmael's may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention wife returned, she showed him no respect, neither did she welcome him, nor was she hospitable to her elderly visitor. Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention asked her where her husband was whereupon she told him he was away hunting. He then inquired about their life and circumstances but rather than being grateful, she told him things were difficult then proceeded to complain about everything in their life.
 
Ishmael's may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention hunting expedition took longer than expected and so Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention, who had been made unwelcome, decided it was time to leave. Before he left he asked Ishmael’s wife to give her husband a message saying, "When your husband returns, convey my greetings of peace to him and tell him that he should change the threshold of his door."
 
A while after Abraham's may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention departure Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention returned and sensed something unusual had happened during his absence, so he asked his wife if there had, in his absence, been any visitors. She told him of the elderly man that had stopped by and how he had asked about his whereabouts and their welfare. Ishmael asked if the visitor had left a message whereupon she told him that he had sent him greetings of peace and told him to change the threshold of his door. Upon hearing this Ishmael told his wife that the elderly gentleman was none other than his father and that he had directed him to divorce her. So Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention divorced his wife, and, as was his nature, treated her fairly and caused her no harm, and she returned to her people.
 
Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention was loved by the Jurhumites and when he decided to remarry from their tribe they were delighted.
 
THE GRATEFUL SPOUSE
After a period of time Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention returned to visit his son but once again he did not find Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention at home. He asked his new wife where he was and she told him that he had gone out to search for provisions and prepared a meal her visitor. As before, he asked Ishmael's wife about their circumstances but unlike the previous wife she praised Allah and told him they were comfortable. Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention then inquired about their food whereupon she told him that they ate meat and drank water. Then, Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention supplicated, "O Allah, bless their meat and water." Before leaving, Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention asked her to convey the greetings of peace to Ishmael but this time he left instructions to strengthen the threshold.
 
Soon after Ishmael returned and once again sensed something unusual so he inquired if there had been any visitors during his absence. His wife told him of the elderly gentleman and spoke kindly about him. Ishmael asked if he had said anything to her, she told him that he had inquired about their well-being and that she had replied everything was well. She also told him that the elderly gentleman had asked her to convey his greetings of peace to him and said that he was to strengthen the threshold of his house.
 
Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention smiled, and told his wife that the elderly gentleman was none other than his father, Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention, and that she was the "threshold" he had ordered him to keep.
 
In the years that followed, Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention had twelve children, and it is from his son Kidar that many Arabs are descended.
 
 
RAISING THE HOUSE OF ALLAH
Time passed, and the next time Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention came to visit Ishmael he found him sitting under a large tree near the spring of Zamzam repairing his arrows. As soon as he saw his father he stood up and they greeted each other affectionately with peace. After the greetings, Abraham told his son that Allah had given him another command -- the command to rebuild Ka'ba, the Holy Mosque of Allah. When Abraham asked Ishmael if he would help him fulfill his task he felt highly honored and accepted whereupon Abraham pointed to a mound of large stones and to its surrounding area and told him that it was the place where Allah had commanded him to raise the foundations of the Holy Mosque.
 
Soon the rebuilding of Ka'ba was underway, Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention picked up the large stones, handed them to Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention, who then positioned them to form a roofless cubic house with its corners pointing to the north, south, east and west.
 
During its rebuilding, an angel came to them bearing a black stone that had lain on Abu Kubays, a nearby hill, ever since it had been brought from Paradise many, many centuries before. And so it was that Prophet Abraham may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention positioned the Black Stone at the eastern corner of the Ka'ba.
 
Many centuries later, their descendant, Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )  told his companions that when the stone was brought from Paradise it was whiter than milk, but, on account of the many sins committed by the children of Adam, it had changed color.
 
Once Ka'ba had been rebuilt, Abraham and Ishmael supplicated,
"O our Lord, accept this from us.
You are the Hearer, the Knower.
Our Lord, make us both submissive (Muslims) to You,
and of our descendants
a submissive nation to You.
Show us our (pilgrimage) rites,
and accept (repentance from) us.
You are the Receiver
(of repentance),
the Merciful.
Our Lord,
send among them
(the inhabitants of this House)
a Messenger from them
(Allah answered the supplication by sending Prophet Muhammad)
who shall recite to them Your verses
and teach them the Book (Al Qur’an)
and wisdom (Prophetic sayings),
and purify them.
You are the Mighty, the Wise."
Qur’an Chapter 2 verses 127 -129 with the explanation of Sawi.
 
Prophets Abraham and Ishmael asked for the acceptance of repentance on behalf of their descendants as they, like all prophets, were protected from sin.
 
PILGRIMAGE TO KA'BA IS ESTABLISHED
Following the supplication Allah took a covenant from Abraham and Ishmael to purify His House for those who would make their pilgrimage to it and for those who would worship Him there.
 
Allah accepted the supplication of Prophets Abraham  may  Allaah  exalt  his  mentionand Ishmael may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention and soon pilgrims from all over Arabia and beyond made their way to Mecca where they learned about Allah and worshipped Him alone and were also instructed how to offer their pilgrimage.
 
Among those who offered their pilgrimage was Ishmael's younger, beloved half-brother, Prophet Isaac. Centuries later their descendants, prophets Solomon, David, John and Jesus made their pilgrimage to the Holy Mosque, Ka'ba, where they too worshiped Allah.
 
It was not always possible for pilgrims to offer their pilgrimage during its special season. Those unable to offer what is known as the “Greater Pilgrimage” would come when they could during other times of the year and offer a lesser pilgrimage. And so it was that Mecca became the center of worship in Arabia, and a hub of activity on account of both its pilgrims and caravaners.
 
 
 
 
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