Food - Halal and Haraam

Al-Halal (the lawful): That which is permitted, with respect to which no restriction exists, and the doing of which the Law-Giver, Allah, has allowed.
Al-Haram (the prohibited or unlawful) Al-Haram (the prohibited or unlawful): That which the Law-Giver has absolutely prohibited; anyone who engages in it is liable to incur the punishment of Allah in the Hereafter as well as a legal punishment in this world.
Al-Makruh (the detested) Al-Makruh (the detested): That which is disapproved by the Law-Giver but not very strongly. The makruh is less in degree than the haram, and the punishment for makruh acts is less than for those that are haram, except when done to excess and in a manner which leads an individual toward what is haram.
What Is Halal?
What Is Haram?
"Halal" is a Quranic Term, which means 'Lawful' or 'Permitted'. Sometimes it is translated as 'Acceptable' or 'Not forbidden'. Halal foods and drinks are permitted for consumption by Allah- the supreme lawgiver. In the Holy Quran, Allah commands Muslims and all of mankind to eat of the Halal things. Eating Halal is obligatory.
The opposite of 'Halal' is "Haram", which means 'Unlawful' or 'Prohibited". The other words used for Haram is 'Unacceptable' or 'Forbidden'. Haram foods and drinks are absolutely prohibited for consumption by Allah. Eating Haram is forbidden for every Muslim. If a Muslim consumes Haraam foods, he would be sinful.
What Is Mushbooh?
"Mushbooh" is an Arabic term which means 'doubtful' or 'suspected'. If one does not know the Halal or Haram status of a particular food or drink, such a food or drink is doubtful. A practicing Muslims prevents himself from consuming doubtful things.
The terms Halal and Haram will be used strictly to describe food products, meat products, cosmetics, personal care products, food ingredients, beverages and food contact materials. Which foods are Halal or which foods are Haram, is decided according to the Holy Quran and the Glorious Shari’ah (Islamic Law).Most diets and foods are considered to be Halaal unless Islamic Law specifically prohibits them.
The following products are definitely Halal:
  1. Milk (from cows, sheeps, camels or goats).
  2. Honey.
  3. Fish.
  4. Plants which are not intoxicant.
  5. Fresh or naturally frozen vegetables.
  6. Fresh or dried fruits.
  7. Legumes like peanuts, cashew nuts, hazel nuts, walnuts, etc.
  8. Grains such as wheat, rice, rye, barley, oat, etc.
Animals such as cows, sheep, goats, deer, moose, chickens, ducks, game birds, etc., are also Halal, but they must be Zabihah (slaughtered according to Islamic Rites) in order to be suitable for consumption. The procedure is as follows: the animal must be slaughtered by a Muslim by putting the animal down on the ground (or holding it if it is small) and slitting it's throat with a very sharp knife to make sure that the main blood vessels are cut. While cutting the throat of the animal without severing it, the person has to recite "Bismillah Allah-u-Akbar".
The following items have been categorically spelled out as being Haram:
  1. Pig/Swine/Pork and its by-products.
  2. Blood and and blood by-products.
  3. Carnivorous animals.
  4. Reptiles and insects.
  5. Halal animals which are not slaughtered according to the Islamic Law.
  6. Animals killed in the name of anyone other than God.
  7. The bodies of dead animals or dead before slaughtering.
  8. Alcohol and intoxicants such as Wine, Ethyl Alcohol, and Spirits etc.
The above mentioned items are Haram and should be strictly avoided by all Muslims.
Foods containing ingredients in the following are example of Mushbooh:
  1. Gelatin.
  2. Enzymes.
  3. Emulsifiers.
  4. Lard.
  5. Glycerol/glycerin etc.
Muslim should avoid such foods containing Mushbooh or questionable ingredients. Before consuming such items, we have to confirm the source of these ingredients.
O Allah, bless Muhammad(peace be upon him)  and his Household, cause our faith to reach the most perfect faith, make our certainty the most excellent certainty, and take our intention to the best of intentions and our works to the best of works!
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